on all orders above $300.00

FREE Pills!


for free with every order



Less than in your
local pharmacy

Search by letter:


Enter coupon: (if you have one)

Lamictal (Lamotrigine)

Lamictal is a prescription drug. It comes in four forms to be taken by mouth (orally): immediate-release oral tablets, extended-release oral tablets, chewable oral tablets, and orally disintegrating tablets (can be dissolved on the tongue). Lamictal is available as the brand-name drugs Lamictal, Lamictal XR (extended-release), Lamictal CD (chewable), and Lamictal ODT (dissolves on the tongue). It’s also available as generic drugs. Generic drugs usually cost less than brand-name versions. In some cases, they may not be available in every strength or form as the brand-name drugs. Lamictal may be used as part of a combination therapy. This means that you may need to take it with other medications.

Other names for this medication:
Lamotrigine, Lamictal, Daksol, Epitec, Flamus, Labileno, Lafigin, Lamal, Lambipol, Lamez, Lamictin, Lamidus, Lamirax, Lamitor, Lamitrin, Lamogine, Lamolep, Lamotrigin, Lamotrigina, Lamotrix, Lomarin, Meganox,

Similar Products:
Metrovax, Virovir, Procytox, Zeclar, Calchek, Rodenal, Daize, Maxen, Indom, Levoxacin, Stabox, Verelan, Quiet, Alprax, Quantrum, Furetic, Motival, Nislev, Reloxyl, Arcolane, Monast, Esidrex, Armodafinil, Mandar, Sanprima, Ranoxyl, Valzaar, Gabagamma, Tmps, Enacard, Novacan, Klamentin, Zocam, Vastatin, Plaunac, Warfarine, Suvalan, Zomel, Detrusitol,

Lamictal extended-release (long-acting) tablets are used with other medications to treat certain types of seizures in patients who have epilepsy. All types of Lamictal tablets (tablets, orally disintegrating tablets, and chewable tablets) other than the extended-release tablets are used alone or with other medications to treat seizures in people who have epilepsy or Lennox-Gastaut syndrome (a disorder that causes seizures and often causes developmental delays). All types of Lamictal tablets other than the extended-release tablets are also used to increase the time between episodes of depression, mania (frenzied or abnormally excited mood), and other abnormal moods in patients with bipolar I disorder (manic-depressive disorder; a disease that causes episodes of depression, episodes of mania, and other abnormal moods). Lamictal has not been shown to be effective when people experience the actual episodes of depression or mania, so other medications must be used to help people recover from these episodes. Lamictal is in a class of medications called anticonvulsants. It works by decreasing abnormal electrical activity in the brain.

generic lamictal pill pictures and images

Virus isolates were inoculated into cell culture and DNA was extracted when cells showed significant cytopathic effects. It should be helpful in the development of new therapies for obesity, T2D, and the associated diseases. Spin-Crossover Anticooperativity Induced by Weak Intermolecular Interactions. Craters and Granular Jets Generated by Underground Cavity Collapse.

lamictal highest dosage of hydrocodone

However, any quantitative and statistical data derived from EGG should be interpreted cautiously, allowing for potential deviations from true VFCA. Patients were followed over a median time of 29months to evaluate changes of left ventricular end-systolic volume (LVESV). Serum pharmacochemistry for tracking bioactive components by UPLC-Q-TOF-MS/MS combined chromatographic fingerprint for quality assessment of Sanziguben Granule. To address these issues, we developed a web-based computer tailored intervention, the Kanker Nazorg Wijzer (Cancer Aftercare Guide), aimed at providing psychosocial and lifestyle support for cancer survivors. The borderline/schizoid marital constellation is the prominent constellation among borderline patients on a long-term inpatient unit.

side effects titrating off lamictal medication

CDH17 is a highly sensitive and specific marker for MA and should be considered in the immunohistochemistry panel for distinguishing MA from its mimics and other common renal epithelial tumors. Statistically significant improvement was observed in all health-related quality of life (HRQOL) measures, except SF-36 MCS, at both 1 and 2 years postoperatively in both groups. Transport between nucleus and cytoplasm is exclusively mediated by nuclear pore complexes (NPCs) embedded in the nuclear envelope. Each patient underwent radiography, tomosynthesis, and CT examinations of the feet on the same day.

does lamictal have withdrawal symptoms

Evaluation of the efficacy of minocycline therapy for staphylococcal soft-tissue infection. It is unknown whether functional changes in aqueous humor flow or intraocular pressure (IOP) develop in parallel with these complications. To detect chromosomal imbalance in a fetus with complex congenital heart disease, and to correlate the genotype with the phenotype.

ssri induced hypo mania treatment lamictal

We propose that as in conventional breeding, regulatory emphasis should be on phenotypic rather than genomic characteristics once a gene or trait has been shown to be safe. Treatment of non-gonococcal urethritis with a streptomycin-chloramphenicol succinate mixture TARC Predicts PET-Normalization and Event Free Survival in Relapsed/Refractory Hodgkin Lymphoma Patients Treated With Brentuximab Vedotin. The recombinant protein self-assembly into virus like particles and possess antigenicity as reference IBDV. Flow cytometry was used to detect the effects of cisplatin on the induction of apoptosis by LH.

antoine lamictal depression

It includes a computer program that allows the user to assemble the multiple molecular components within a 3D space and to define the hypothetical interactions of these components with the initial goal of understanding protein translation at an atomic level of detail. Energy dispersive X-ray spectra analysis were applied to show the specific effect of the fungal biomass on the Pb(II) determination. Statistical tests for associations between two directed acyclic graphs. We then transplanted atherosclerotic, plaque-containing aortic arches from hyperlipidemic ApoE-/- mice into wild-type normolipidemic recipient mice. The prescribing of inappropriate platelet (PLT) transfusions is always a significant problem.

lamictal 25mg tablet

The results of these meta-analyses provide preliminary evidence that active videogames can have positive effects on relevant outcome measures in children/adolescents and elderly individuals. In CoPc-Co(I), the Co atom is at an intramolecular site close to aza-N atom of CoPc, which induces significant modifications of the electronic states of CoPc, such as energy shifts and splitting of nonlocal molecular orbitals. Comparison with age matched healthy controls was done by ANOVA with Bonferroni test wherever applicable. FHL1 knockdown significantly inhibited the proliferation of rat aortic SMCs but exerted no obvious effect on cell apoptosis.

lamictal side effects tremors cast

The presence of the exon 3-deleted isoform of the growth hormone receptor (d3-GHR) may influence the disease phenotype and treatment outcomes, including the frequency of biochemical discordance after medical treatment. The conscientiousness, extraversion, and agreeableness dimensions increased, but neuroticism and openness remained unchanged. Tumor-specific vaccine containing Mycobacterium bovis and tumor cells: safety and efficacy. Influence of old age on survival after prolonged mechanical ventilation. Left ventricular-right atrial communication caused by infective endocarditis: a peculiar presentation.

lamictal mood stabilizer dosage

We analyzed 24 months of medical and pharmacy claims data comparing healthcare utilization and costs among Humana members diagnosed with FM to a propensity score matched control group without a diagnosis for FM. Evaluation of screening method for Bence Jones protein analysis. Many retrospective studies and few prospective studies suggest that the incidence of transient hypocalcemia is higher after total thyroidectomy than after subtotal thyroidectomy, but the incidence of other complications including recurrent laryngeal nerve palsy and postoperative hematoma is not significantly different between the two procedures. In both patients, immediate-type skin test reactions were found to methylprednisolone sodium hemisuccinate (MSH) and prednisolone sodium hemisuccinate (PSH).

lamictal weight gain epilepsy ribbon

Role of Growth Factors in Modulation of the Microvasculature in Adult Skeletal Muscle. Evidence for the changes of antitumor immune response during lymph node metastasis in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma.

epilepsy lamictal side effects

The frequency content, that is, power spectrum, of point process data reflects physiological control processes. Overweight influence on circadian variations of ambulatory blood pressure in Chinese adolescents.

ithuba lamictal medication

New quantitative, qualitative, and confirmatory media for rapid analysis of food for Clostridium perfringens. The goal of this study was to allow students to voice their thoughts regarding their participation in the construction of the UC section of the MSPE. Color is used extensively in forensic science for the characterization and comparison of physical evidence, and should thus be well understood.

lamictal chewable dispersible tablet

We describe a patient with cerebellar and mandibular arteriovenous malformations who initially presented with oral haemorrhage and then subsequently had a cerebellar haemorrhage. The aim of the study was to compare the fracture resistance of roots obturated with mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) obturation with post, MTA apical plug with Resilon obturation, MTA apical plug with gutta percha (GP) obturation, complete MTA obturation in teeth with wide open apex. The authors have thus established the first technical and preclinical feasibility study of controlled ultrasound ablation of spinal tumors in vivo. Pregnancy outcome after risk assessment of occupational exposure to organic solvents: a prospective cohort study.

lamictal photosensitivity reaction drugs

The scarcity of automobile fuel which usually translated to an increase in cost of transportation probably increased the number of untreated tuberculosis patients in the population with potential serious long term health implications. A statistically significant difference in signal intensity scores of the gray level histogram, represented as m(j), was found between the groups. Inflammatory events in the brain may underlie, in part, wakefulness-induced changes in the sleep electroencephalogram.

syndrome de stevens-johnson lamictal xr

  • prednisone dose pack missed dose of lamictal
  • lamictal medicine side effects
  • does lamictal work for unipolar depression
  • lamictal 50 mg hinata
  • lamictal odt coupons
  • lamictal adhd medication
  • lamictal rash and treatment
  • stevens johnson syndrome lamictal pictures of pills
  • blackberry facebook chat retrying lamictal after rash
  • lamictal starter kits doses
  • seponering av lamictal rash
  • lamictal xr 200 mg cost
  • lamictal withdrawal itching how to treat
  • reviews of lamictal for bipolar
  • miti vigliero lamictal medication
  • lamictal dosage for migraines
  • lamictal xr 300 mg brand co pay coupon
  • lamictal starter pack orange dosage index
  • lamictal rash on hands and feet
  • lamictal rash scalp
  • lamictal withdrawal symptoms sleepiness
  • titrating lamictal dose
  • lamotrigine lamictal rash pics
  • lamictal xr pill pictures and images
  • max dose of lamictal for seizures
  • download ori mi wu by lamictal medication
  • soloxine for dogs missed dose of lamictal
  • vibramycin missed dose of lamictal
  • lamictal rash what to do
  • lamictal withdrawal symptoms depression
  • is lamictal 100mg enough dosage
  • nice guidance epilepsy pregnancy lamictal
  • lamictal price walmart
  • skip dose lamictal xr
  • lamictal uses for pain
  • lamictal level tube color
  • lamictal rash photos and treatment
  • photos of lamictal skin rash
  • lamictal for bipolar 11
  • anti seizure medications lamictal weight
  • short term memory loss side effect lamictal dosage
  • carbimazole starting dose of lamictal
  • lamictal accidental overdose of prescription
  • lamictal 25mg tab cost
  • lamictal depression user reviews
  • lamictal dose bipolar depression
  • inkunzi emdaka ikhaya lamictal medication
  • lamictal side effects cough
  • lamictal 100mg generic
  • lamictal levels for bipolar
  • memory side effects of lamictal weight
  • anti seizure medications lamictal medication
  • anti seizure medication lamictal
  • how much does lamictal xr cost without insurance
  • juba lamictal medication
  • armand claudel lamictal medication
  • lamotrigine lamictal depression
  • lamictal green starter pack instructions
  • lamictal 200 mg depression treatment
  • tonic clonic seizure medicine lamictal

zolpidem orally disintegrating lamictal

The overall decrease in functional connectivity (SL) might reflect pruning of unused synapses and preservation of strong connections resulting in more cost-effective networks. Pars plana vitrectomy was performed with the removal of the internal limiting membrane.

skin rash caused by lamictal side

obstructive sleep apnea is a prevalent disorder associated with cognitive dysfunction and cardiovascular and metabolic morbidity and is characterized by recurrent episodes of hypoxia during sleep. Recently, a PCOS rat model using letrozole (LET), a nonsteroidal aromatase inhibitor, mimicked multiple PCOS phenotypes, including metabolic features absent in other models. Magnetically controlled growth rods (MCGRs) are a new technology for the management of early-onset pediatric deformity enabling guided spinal growth by controlling the curvature.

lamictal xr 300 mg brand co-pay

Mapping communication spaces: The development and use of a tool for analyzing the impact of EHRs on interprofessional collaborative practice. A body-centred frame of reference drives spatial priming in visual search. The proposed approach will be a valuable resource in the identification and characterizing of signaling networks from phosphoproteomics data. We found that AE assessment using CTCAE via a telephone consultation service is useful for both the triage of patients and the prediction of severe AEs that may change clinical schedules.

lamictal depression miracle

This locally adaptive non-local means filter may become a useful tool in the analysis of cryo-EM data, such as automatic particle picking, extracting structural features and segmentation of tomograms. The water samples were collected monthly at different sites of XZ River from April 2013 to September 2014. Therefore, expression of the pyrimidine biosynthetic gene cluster in Corynebacterium glutamicum is controlled by two different mechanisms mediated by PyrR and Rho.

lamictal orange dose pack dosage

The effect of OIT on quality of life (QOL) of JCP patients has not been assessed. Central neurocytoma (CN) is a rare benign neuronal tumor, and a limited number of reports have described the usefulness of radiosurgery for a relatively large group of patients.

lamictal usual dosage for bipolar

The polarization of the control photon routes in a coherent way the path of the signal photon while preserving the qubit state of the signal photon represented by its polarization. The novel finding is that a state of low-grade systemic inflammation is present in normal BMI subjects who show subclinical insulin resistance but no other metabolic abnormalities. It remains controversial whether or not the aggressiveness of familial nonmedullary thyroid cancer (FNMTC) differs from sporadic carcinoma. 6-hydroxydopamine, 6-hydroxydopa and degeneration of adrenergic nerves. Admission ECGs were compared with follow-up ECGs obtained one month after the event.

surviving antidepressants lamictal dosage

Community Health Advisors (CHAs) are trusted natural helpers from within the community who provide emotional support, advice, and tangible aid to members of their social network. Staphylococcus aureus and Pseudomonas aeruginosa co-infection is associated with cystic fibrosis-related diabetes and poor clinical outcomes. In the developing submandibular gland (SMG), the chitosan effect was found to diminish when collagen and laminin were removed from cultured SMG explants.

govozile vishwa lamictal medication

Clinicians frequently confront challenges when using diagnostic tests to help them decide whether the patient before them suffers from a particular target condition or diagnosis. The broad-band and extreme high-resolution capabilities enable us to assign rotational spectra of the most stable homo- and heterochiral dimers and analyze their structural and dynamical properties in detail. A secondary objective and novelty of the current study was the application of all three protocols within the same testing system serving to reduce artifacts due to testing system variability. Antimicrobial resistance remains a growing and significant concern in human and veterinary medicine.

lamictal stevens johnson syndrome incidences

Zebrafish (Danio rerio) and the egg size versus egg number trade off: effects of ration size on fecundity are not mediated by orthologues of the Fec gene. Human testicular germ cell tumours of adolescents and adults (TGCTs), the seminomatous and non-seminomatous germ cell tumours, show morphological and biological similarities to normal embryonic development, presumably determined by their supposed cell of origin, the primordial germ cell/gonocyte.

lamictal and pregnancy 2011 gmc

We hypothesize that MSCs can attenuate BM dysfunction after combined LCHS. This data should be taken into consideration when choosing a membrane. Virtual Screening for Transition State Analogue Inhibitors of IRAP Based on Quantum Mechanically Derived Reaction Coordinates.

lamictal rash or acne on babys

Narrative language samples were most frequently subject to analysis though all language genres were observed across included studies. The necessity for routine histopathologic evaluation of hemorrhoidectomy specimens considered free of suspicious areas after careful visual and manual inspection remains controversial. To assess the performance and safety of an integrated bihormonal artificial pancreas system consisting of one wearable device and two wireless glucose sensor transmitters during short-term daily use at home.

lamictal and alcohol liver hepatitis

In this select group of women, becoming chronologically older was considered as a proxy variable for becoming older from a reproductive point of view. In this study the immune toxicity of TiO2 primary nanoparticles on PAMs relies on their surface area and crystal structure were determined. Hypha-specific genes, which are repressed by Tup1 and Nrg1, were not derepressed in ssn6 cells under the conditions studied. This population-based study of childhood leukemia demonstrates that substantial regional differences exist regarding the incidence of acute leukemia in Brazil, which warrants further ecological study.

lamictal side effects for depression

To evaluate the contribution of different world regions in cardiovascular research production. Here, we report that extracellular calcium can coordinate the activation of the small GTPases Ras and Ras-proximate-1 (Rap1) upon TLR stimulation which favors activation of macrophages through a feedforward mechanism. Vandetanib at 100 mg daily is tolerable in combination with preoperative chemotherapy (5-FU, paclitaxel, carboplatin) and radiation therapy with encouraging efficacy worthy of future study. We have identified 5-methoxytryptophan (5-MTP) as an anti-inflammatory factor by metabolomic analysis of conditioned medium of human fibroblasts.

is lamictal prescribed for depression

Studies on the nature and reaction of inhibitors of the rheumatoid factor reaction Effects of Radiation on Spinal Dura Mater and Surrounding Tissue in Mice.

lamictal for depression effectiveness of vasectomy

Content and composition of the mucoprotein fraction of human serum (seromucoid) in disease with special reference to hematologic disorders. Reliability of mean and median levels within each loudness category was assessed using SDs and correlation coefficients. Evidence is lacking to support lower rates of infection with mesh of specific composition or with antibacterial agents that coat the mesh. This has allowed timing of experiments to be optimised to ensure appropriate monitoring of animals during the acute phase of infection and provides opportunities to establish appropriate humane endpoints to these experiments.

100 mg lamictal pregnancy registry

In vitro analysis of nanoparticle uptake by macrophages using chemiluminescence. These include (1) harvesting a flap from the adjacent side of the great toe and insetting it into the volar aspect of the second toe to give more bulk, (2) making skin excisions on each side of the tip to reduce the bulbous appearance, and (3) excising the eponychium to produce apparent lengthening of the nail. Role of surface crossings in the photochemistry of nitromethane. In the age group studied, the laryngeal tube provides a rapid, patent airway in the majority of patients with a low complication rate. Screws that were specifically designed for cement application displayed greatest stability in the fatigue test.

side effects titrating off lamictal rash

Study of epsilon-caprolactone polymerization by NIR spectroscopy. The objective of the study was to collate consistent data on clinical features in a large series of patients with PrHy. In this study, we evaluate the feasibility of generating MM-OCE elastograms in heterogeneous samples based on a spectroscopic approach which involves measuring the magnetomotive response at different excitation frequencies. Purinergic P2X3 receptors are trimeric ligand-gated ion channels whose antagonism is an appealing yet challenging and not fully validated drug development idea. An approach to the integration of a biomedical data acquisition system.

taking lamictal and celexa

The stage is usually determined by several factors such as the location of the primary tumor, the tumor size, the degree of spread in the surrounding tissues, etc. Previously reported infectious diseases by Lactococcus lactis subspecies were all adult cases and this is the first report of an infantile death due to Lactococcal IE according to our knowledge. The patients suspected of subacromial syndrome only need an NMR if the physical tests are negative. Activation of KSHV lytic genes located in regions with high SUMO-2/3 enrichment was enhanced by SUMO-2/3 knockdown. The purpose of this study is to estimate the supply of Board of Pharmacy Specialties-certified oncology pharmacists (BCOPs) and their potential contribution to the care of patients with cancer through 2020.

lamictal side effects memory loss

Improved Reliability of InGaN-Based Light-Emitting Diodes by HfO2 Passivation Layer. System dynamics is a useful and effective method for the investigation of complex social systems. Tracking transparent monogenean parasites on fish from infection to maturity. Baseline data and CFH I62V and ARMS2 A69S polymorphisms were analyzed for their association with recurrence after anti-VEGF treatment.

 Show Hide 
lamictal during pregnancy bipolar disorder 2018-08-20

When either anti-RP S19 antibodies or Gln137Asn-RP S19, a competitive inhibitor against RP S19, was premixed into the inserted coagulum, the attachment and penetration by macrophages teraprost 2 mg prezzo decreased and the coagulum resorption retarded. Caspase-3 and apoptosis are activated by a secreted, bacterial effector.

reviews for lamictal for depression 2017-11-10

Temperature gradient induced by infrared laser is introduced to interpret this infrared induced LPV effect. The phenomena of fluidic delay were also evaluated by mathematical simulation, through which we found the movement of fluid throughout the shunt and the tortuosity effects in the presence of PDMS barrier, which significantly affect the detection sensitivity. Issues for selection of outcome measures in stroke rehabilitation: ICF Body Functions. We previously described two polymorphic sites in the COL1A1 gene promoter, -1997 ethambutol hydrochloride tablets iphone G/T and -1663indelT, which have been associated with bone mineral density (BMD), a surrogate trait for osteoporosis.

alternative medicine for lamictal 2017-08-05

In particular, we focus on how astrocytes provide energy and omeprazole drug interaction warfarin cholesterol to neurons, influence synaptogenesis, affect oligodendrocyte biology and instigate cross-talk between the many cellular components of the CNS. By contrast, previous studies demonstrated the efficacy of a single treatment of focused extracorporeal shock wave therapy in improving pain and Harris Hip Scale in patients with avascular necrosis of the femoral head of Association Research Circulation Osseous stage I to III. Tracing and analytical results of the dioxin contamination incident in 2008 originating from the Republic of Ireland. Three repeated artery embolizations were necessary because of placenta volume and collateral vessels. The chemical composition of the nuclear membrane fractions was determined and compared with those of microsomal fractions prepared in parallel.

alcohol and lamictal interactions 2016-12-10

Risk factors for early daxid 50 mg effects pedals renal dysfunction following endovascular aortic aneurysm repair and its effect on the postoperative outcome. Impact of PTEN abnormalities on outcome in pediatric patients with T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia treated on the MRC UKALL2003 trial. Severely deranged vital signs were identified and treatment modifications within 1 h were noted.

lamictal side effects go away after withdrawal 2018-04-06

The aim of the benefits ocid 20 mg present study was to assess the relationship between dental caries and dietary patterns in Sri Lankan adolescents. Pharmacists appear to understand and empathize with customer demand for HNPs and are uniquely positioned within the National Health System to provide product advice and support. Potential of biohydrogen production from organic fraction of municipal solid waste (OFMSW) using pilot-scale dry anaerobic reactor. Meso Alkynylated Tetraphenylethylene (TPE) and 2,3,3-Triphenylacrylonitrile (TPAN) Substituted BODIPYs. More importantly, the cost-effective fabrication method without involving expensive raw materials and sophisticated equipment permits a scale-up of the graphene foam for pollution disposal.

lamictal side effects shaking hands 2012-08-08

In 2010 the WHO issued a revision of the guidelines on antiretroviral therapy (ART) for HIV infection in adults and adolescents. The method was used for the confirmation of phenylbutazone and oxyphenbutazone in horse muscle sample. Hybrid free-space optical bus system for board-to-board interconnections. The procedure was done using an amlodipine generic manufacturers of clonazepam off pump technique and the patient required no extra sedation of analgesia.

epilepsie traitement lamictal reviews 2016-09-02

We found several important and common limitations in the clinical raciper 20 mg design of translational immunologic studies in human sepsis. Resistance to virus infection during the hyporeactive state of interferon induction. Effect of ammonium chloride supplementation on urine pH and urinary fractional excretion of electrolytes in goats. Using (153)Sm-EDTMP therapy for bone metastases from nasopharyngeal cancer (NPC), we attempted a real-time three-dimensional (3D) dose calculation based on the S-value for voxels. These findings may contribute to the understanding of the potential mechanisms linking increased FGF23 to increased CVD risk.

lamictal side effects epilepsy medication 2018-11-12

Note on the effects of thyroidectomy and thyroid hormone administration on the concentration of bile cholesterol and cholic acid. Structural basis omezole 20 mg hovid pharmacy for langerin recognition of diverse pathogen and mammalian glycans through a single binding site. In addition to carrying determinants conferring resistance to at least two antibiotics, chloramphenicol and streptomycin, a Klebsiella aerogenes strain contains a plasmid responsible for increased beta-galactosidase activity.

lamictal green starter kit dosage 2014-10-24

Statin therapy has received the most attention in all totaal av blok isoprenaline injection solid organ transplant recipient populations, although the effect of proper dietary advice and adjuvant pharmacological and non-pharmacological agents should not be dismissed. Radiosurgery was superior regarding hemostasis when compared with a conventional scalpel, but it was not as successful as electrosurgery. This simple-to-use design algorithm has expanded design space for CNS candidates and has further demonstrated the advantages of utilizing a flexible, multiparameter approach in drug discovery rather than individual parameters and hard cutoffs of physicochemical properties.